δεῖ

δεῖ: subj. δέη, sts. [var] contr. δῆ (in codd. of Com., as Ar.Ra.265);
A

ὁπόσου κα δῆ IG4.1484.65

(Epid.), cf. SIG245G47 (Delph.); opt.

δέοι Th.4.4

; inf.δεῖν; part. δέον (v. infr. IV): [tense] impf. ἔδει, [dialect] Ion. ἔδεε: [tense] fut.

δεήσει E.Hipp.941

, etc.: [tense] aor. I

ἐδέησε Th.2.77

, etc.—Impers. from δέω (A), there is need (the sense of moral obligation, prop. belonging to χρή, is later, S.Ph.583, etc.):
I c.acc.pers.et inf., it is needful for one to do, one must, once in Hom., τί δὲ δεῖ πολεμιζέμεναι . . Ἀργείους why need the Argives fight? Il.9.337;

δ. <μ'> ἐλθεῖν Pi.O.6.28

, etc.: with nom. of the Pron.,

ἡγούμην . . δεῖν . . μεγαλοψυχότερος φαίνεσθαι D.19.235

: rarely δεῖ σ' ὅπως δείξεις, = δεῖ σε δεῖξαι, S.Aj.556, cf.Ph.54;

δεῖ σ' ὅπως μηδὲν διοίσεις Cratin.108

; (the full constr. in S.Ph.77 τοῦτο δεῖ σοφισθῆναι . . ὅπως γενήσῃ): rarely c. dat. pers., there is need of . . for . .,

θεοῖσι προσβαλεῖν χθονὶ ἄλλην δεήσει γαῖαν E.Hipp.941

, cf. X.An.3.4.35, Oec.7.20: the acc. pers. is often omitted, ἐκ τῶν μανθάνειν δεῖ (sc. ἡμᾶς) Hdt.1.8, cf. A.Ag. 567, Eu.826, etc.
2 c. acc. rei et inf.,

δεῖ τι γενέσθαι Th.5.26

;

παραδείγματα, καθ' ἃ δέοι ἀποκρίνεσθαι Pl.Men.79a

, etc.; also ἐπεὶ δέ οἱ ἔδεε κακῶς γενέσθαι since it was fated for him . ., since he was doomed . ., Hdt.2.161
, cf. 8.53, 9.109, S.OT825; for οἴομαι δεῖν, v. οἴομαι.
3 abs. with inf. understood, μὴ πεῖθ' ἃ μὴ δεῖ (sc. πείθειν) S.OC1442, cf. OT1273; εἴ τι δέοι, ἤν τι δέῃ (sc. γενέσθαι), X. Mem.1.2.59, Th.1.44; κἂν δέῃ (sc. τροχάζειν)

, τροχάζῶ Philetaer. 3

.
II c. gen. rei, there is need of, freq. with neg.,

οὐδὲν ἂν δέοι πολλοῦ ἀργυρίου Pl.Cri.45a

, etc.;

τί δεῖ τῆς ἀρετῆς; Arist.Pol.1309b10

; sts. with inf. added,

μακροῦ λόγου δεῖ ταῦτ' ἐπεξελθεῖν A.Pr.870

, cf. 875, Supp.407.
b freq. in phrases, πολλοῦ δεῖ there wants much, far from it, ὀλίγου δεῖ there wants little, all but; in full c. inf.,

πολλοῦ δεῖ οὕτως ἔχειν Pl.Ap.35d

;

τοὺς Πλαταιέας ἐλαχίστου ἐδέησε διαφθεῖραι [τὸ πῦρ] Th.2.77

;

πολλοῦ γε δεῖ, πολλοῦ γε καὶ δεῖ Ar.Ach. 543

, D.18.300, 21.71; τοῦ πλεῦνος αἰεὶ ἔδεε there was always further to travel, Hdt.4.43;

τοῦ παντὸς δεῖ Luc.Merc.Cond.13

: also ὀλίγου δεῖν abs., in same sense, Pl.Ap.22a, etc.;

μικροῦ δεῖν D.27.29

.
2 with dat. pers. added,

δεῖ μοί τινος A.Ag.848

, E.Med.565, Th.1.71
, etc.
3 with acc. pers. added,

αὐτὸν γάρ σε δεῖ προμηθέως A.Pr. 86

, cf. E.Rh.837, Hipp.23.
4 rarely with Subj. in nom., δεῖ μοί τι something is needful to me,

ἓν δεῖ μόνον μοι E.Supp.594

;

εἴ τι δέοι τῷ χορῷ Antipho 6.12

;

πρῶτον μὲν τοῦτο δεῖ, ὑπειληφέναι . . D.10.15

.
III [voice] Med., δεῖται there is need, c. gen.,

δεῖταί σοι τῆς αὐτῆς ἐρωτήσεως Pl.Men.79c

;

ὅσων δέοιτο Aen.Tact.13.1

;

ἑτέρου δεῖσθαι στρατηγοῦ νομίζων Plu.Pel.26

: c. inf.,

ὥστε βραχἔ ἐμοὶ δεῖσθαι φράσαι S.OC570

(codd.);

δεήσεται . . ἀναγράφεσθαι Aen.Tact.31.9

;

τήν μευ γλῶσσαν ἐκτεμεῖν δεῖται Herod.6.41

.
IV neut. part. [full] δέον ( [full] δεῖν is dub. in Ar.Fr.220, Lys.14.7, cf. A.D.Adv.132.30, Hdn.Gr.2.328, al., Hsch.): abs., it being needful or fitting, Pl.Prt. 355d, etc.; οὐκ ἀπήντα, δέον, he did not appear in court, though he ought to have done so, D.21.90: c. inf., Ar.Nu.988; οὐδὲν δέον there being no need, Hdt.3.65, etc.: [tense] fut.

ὡς αὐτίκα δεῆσον διώκειν X.Cyr.3.2.8

: [tense] aor.

δεῆσαν Plu.Fab.9

, etc.: also δέον ἂν εἴη, = δέοι ἄν, Plb.2.37.5, etc.: less freq. gen. abs. δέοντος, c. acc. inf., Corn.ND17.
2 Subst. [full] δέον, τό (v. sub voc.).

Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό). 2014.

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